Presence sensing is a broad topic that entails both object detection and machine guarding. Choosing the right device always entails some forethought, especially when installing it in difficult-to-reach or hazardous areas. Our panel of experts tells you what you need to know.
How are effectiveness and safety ensured in wireless presence-sensing applications that involve machine guarding?
Matt Simms, business development manager, sensors, Eaton: EWireless safety technology in machine-guarding applications is not yet mature, and machine guarding is the last line of defense for machine operators in areas where human safety is a concern. In this light, our product recommendation in all presence-sensing applications that involve machine guarding is to use wired sensors and switches.
Tom Knauer, safety champion, Balluff: Wireless safety is often used when there is a need for the operator to be remote from the hazard, allowing the operator to distance himself from the dangerous process or machine. Typical applications are cranes, hoists, conveyor systems, driverless transport and large work cells.
The most common wireless safety products are control pendants, emergency-stop devices and enabling switches. When the devices are actuated or an error occurs due to loss of connection, corruption of data stream or failure of heartbeat, for example, a stop is initiated and the machine goes into a safe state. These wireless safety systems must have a highly reliable wireless link, which includes redundant transmission channels, error correction and measures to avoid interference from other devices. They often utilize a dedicated, proprietary two-way protocol, and there is redundancy in hardware and software to constantly monitor the health of the wireless link. Suppliers have also implemented countermeasures to address battery life, range and security.
Allan D. Hottovy, TUV-FSCEM functional safety certified automation & machine safety sensor expert, Telemecanique Sensors: Most people do not have the time, resources or experience to become an expert on machine-safety rules and regulations used to build system subcomponents. The international rules are complex and not easy to understand.
Because of these reasons, I’m going to default to my “simply easy” approach to complex stuff. This means I’m going to believe in and trust the machine-safety certifications, which are globally available. When I follow this approach and only purchase wireless components that have the appropriate certifications and stamps on the sensors, I’m going to believe they have been thoroughly tested and meet all safety requirements for safety, reliability, redundancy, self-check and accuracy.
Here are some key points to remember.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is mandatory and legally binding in the United States. OSHA has incorporated the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) into its standards. OSHA recommends robots comply with ANSI/RIA R15.06.
European TUV certification is designed to ensure manufacture’s build products and components correctly, while in the United States, OSHA and NFPA regulations tend to focus on the safety of the workplace environment.
For your wireless safety sensor look for UL, TUV, performance level (PL), category (Cat.) and safety integrity level (SIL) stamps on the product.
Tim Kelly, vice president of U.S. sales, Tri-Tronics: I would think that the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) should really improve the redundancy, security and warning methods associated with reducing risk, injury and liability. Any kind of multiplied methodology that increases the ability to protect employees from harm is well worth discovering, investing in and implementing.