QUESTION:We're making a long overdue change from mechanical analog chart recorders to digital recorders for our heat-treating machinery. We've been told also to consider web-based recorders that might help us with remote diagnoses. Do I give up any functionality with web-based vs. today's digitals? What about software considerations?
--From June 2006 Control Design
A Few Digital Choices
When choosing a new recorder to replace the traditional mechanical analog recorders, there are a number of factors to consider. Todays digital recorders fall into two major categories--digital chart recorders that still use charts and consumables, and electronic paperless recorders. Both are capable of replacing the traditional mechanical analog recorders, but a key factor in this decision should be based on how the data is to be used and distributed. Digital chart recorders provided a good graphical presentation of what happened in the process, but they make for a time-consuming process to convert the data from the paper chart to a form that allows use of advanced statistical analysis tools. Paper charts also made it difficult to let others know how well the process performed because they cannot easily be duplicated or transmitted to other locations.
Generally, digital chart recorders have configuration software available to aid in the set up of the recorders; beyond that they depend on higher-level software packages to support real-time data acquisition. Paperless recorders also have configuration software packages and they come with software to aid in data analysis. Many include additional functionality to aid in doing real time or scheduled FTP data downloads.
Paperless recorders such as our X-Series recorders incorporate graphic displays to show trends, bar graphs, digital values or combinations of these basic displays, or provide the ability to have customized displays; they store the data electronic for local replay and enable data acquisition over a network. Having the data in an electronic format allows for faster, more comprehensive analysis of the data. It eliminates questions of data resolution, the need for interpolation of trace values from a chart and the associated errors of transferring the data to a spreadsheet for further analysis.
In addition to improvements in data reliability, the user also benefits from reduced maintenance costs from elimination of many of the mechanical parts such as chart drives and pen mechanism associated with conventional paper recorders. Paperless recorders typically provide a higher degree of connectivity to a network than digital paper chart recorders; many support Ethernet connectivity allowing users to connect these to a LAN or the web for remote data access. Finally, the elimination of consumables such as the charts, pens and ink wheels normally used by paper recorders provides additional savings. They allow for better decision-making as a direct result of having quick access to reliable data that is easy to work with and provides a lower cost throughout the overall process of delivering quality goods to the customer.
Douglas Bradway, senior product manager, data acquisition, Honeywell Process Solutions, Phoenix, Ariz.
Monitoring and profiling of heat treatment equipment is an excellent application for a digital recorder. Even the simplest of today's multichannel recorders provide excellent accuracy and repeatability not possible with a pen and paper.
Dont Go Web-Only
Most recorders these days can handle a variety of inputs, from thermocouples to DCV and DCmA, with just a few switch throws and software radio buttons. The majority of digital recorders are very capable of monitoring and recording data with greater accuracy and additional functionality, which results in higher quality parts and lower costs.
A subtle but fine difference is that web-based equipment relies on the Internet to function. If the connection is lost, the system is down and recording is not possible. A web-enabled device such as our IntelliLogger is a standalone recorder capable of communication over the Internet as well.The IntelliLogger is capable of storing all recorded data to onboard internal memory and then when initiated, the data file can be e-mailed or sent to multiple sites for use and/or backup. Alarms, SMS, and ftp capabilities expand the functionality of any web-enabled recorder, providing autonomous data download, storage, and alarming. The device also is a web server, serving up standard and custom web pages with real-time data, allowing interested parties to perform in-process monitoring.
Regarding software, look for something that is easy to use and does not require writing lines of code. A graphical environment for communications, programming and even web page creation is best.
onnecting the dots is about the same complexity but allows for intelligent and conditional programming scenarios if desired.
Bottom line, the only reason to keep a analog chart recorder is legacy. The new systems offer more flexibility, alarming capabilities and communications options then ever before.
Mark Albert, Logic Beach, La Mesa, Calif.
This is a common question that challenges lot of the plant personnel in today. Typically the problems that users run into with paper recorders relate to running out paper, pens running dry, problems with mechanical assemblies etc. By carefully selecting a digital or paperless recorder the plant user can overcome lot of these problems.
Check List for Choosing
Some things to consider:
Paperless recorders generally are available as a standard replacement for paper recorders with standard cutout dimensions for the panel. This will save a lot of headache later.