Put the Screws to Tough Vision Apps

New Machine Vision Testing Makes Vintage Machines Perform Better and Satisfy Demanding Customers

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By Joe Feeley, Editor in Chief

The quality requirements for a precision parts supplier to the automotive and aerospace industries are a source of both stress and high opportunity for the parts maker.

Established in 1967, Prime Engineered Components (www.primeeci.com) has two modern facilities in Connecticut that manufacture precision turned products for industries ranging from aerospace to automotive. In its Watertown facility, Prime manufactures about 800,000 parts per week, mostly for automotive industry customers. Each part has to be flawless, or Prime runs the risk of costly and time-consuming returns, as well as strained relations with its customers.

Using a new, compact, flexible and economical optical inspection tool, Prime met its goal of 100% quality while making inspections easier for programmers and users alike to implement.

Searching for a Solution

"Our customers don't require it, but we know that our machines aren't 100% capable," says Kathy Dibble, director of quality for Prime. "Since our parts are produced too quickly for manual inspections, we had to put vision in place for a multitude of dimensional inspections. We would much rather remedy any quality problems in-house before product ships to our customers."

The parts are manufactured on vintage multi-spindle screw machines. Material is fed into the machine in bar stock form and machined accordingly. "We are not doing any in-process inspection," Dibble explains. "The inspections are done offline by my quality department on a separate machine."

Cloudy Vision

Prime was using another vision system in its Watertown plant to inspect components, the majority of which are knurled. These grooved and patterned parts present significant lighting and measurement challenges—challenges that Prime's previous vision system wasn't able to surmount.

"The reason for replacement was due to changes in critical, high-tolerance dimension requirements from Prime's customers," explains Adam Farley, product specialist for integrator and solutions provider Action Automation & Controls. Farley teamed up with Engineered Solutions—one of Prime's machine builders and an Action Automation customer—to specify and develop the new vision system. "Before using any inspection equipment, all QC inspections were done by the quality department using hand inspection tools," he adds.

The reason for replacement was due to changes in critical, high-tolerance dimension requirements from Prime Screw customers.

Farley says Engineered Solutions uses products and services from Action to support its machine building operation, and the two companies have been partners in many different machine builds that required machine-vision inspection.

The existing system has problematic issues with accuracy, reliability and repeatability. "Kathy's quality department was constantly manually inspecting sample lots based on these issues," Farley says.

In this case, speed was not an issue to start, but Farley and Dibble expected the system to have higher image-processing capabilities, able to process any inspection speed that might be expected.

The Solution Measures Up

Farley's team selected BOA, an integrated optical inspection tool from Teledyne Dalsa (Figure 1). "It has all the elements of an industrial machine vision system—including sensor, light control,  processing engine, I/O, factory communications, developer and operator interfaces, and a protective IP67 enclosure—in a small, smart camera-style package," Dibble explains. "The system requires a simple setup using a laptop PC and Teledyne Dalsa's iNspect Express Software." The inspection program can be set up accordingly and saved to the camera. The laptop can then be removed if required when running the machine.

When designing the solution, Farley incorporated new inspection criteria for gauging the outside dimensions of the knurled parts, he says. Inspections of these parts are performed using the caliper tool in the iNspect application software. Embedded in the BOA, iNspect features an easy-to-use graphical interface and a toolset for a wide range of applications.

"This inspection couldn't have been done without the caliper tool," Farley says. He first tried using a rake tool, but it was only able to provide an average of the high and low dimensions. "We needed to catch any of the really high points of the critical dimensions for greater precision," he says. "The iNspect caliper tool does this (Figure 2)."