Why are we still using stack lights, annunciators and push buttons? Are machine designers going for a retro look with these antiquated analog components? Or maybe it’s the hipster in them, wanting to show that they were building machines with interface devices before interface was cool. “That annunciator sounded way better on vinyl.”
Human-machine interface (HMI) can offer a digital version of almost any button, knob or light, but analog still has its place on machines, whether it’s for its ruggedness, for no-look interaction or for situations in which touchscreen operation isn’t an option.
We posed several questions regarding these time-tested components to a panel of industry veterans to see what light their experience and expertise might shed on the subject.
Why are operator buttons needed if an HMI can provide the same function?
Matt Newton, Opto 22: Operator buttons are still needed for critical tasks like emergency shutdowns. If there’s an emergency situation, we don’t want to waste time navigating through HMI screens. We need a simple and quick way to shut down the process.
Matt Newton is director of technical marketing at Opto 22.
John Kowal, B&R Industrial Automation: Light rings are our take on push buttons, except they are a node on the industrial Ethernet network, not hardwired. They can include an e-stop. They have multiple modes, and different light patterns can be programmed. They come in optional IP65-rated enclosures.
So, the idea is to use these light rings out on the machine where you want some remote functionalities but you don't need a whole HMI. Maybe you are changing a blanket or roll out on a process station of a flexo press.
These light rings come in all kinds of custom configurations, as well, including light rings integrated into HMI panels.
We also do a big business in custom HMI panels that include all manner of push buttons. You tend to see these on CNCs, plastics machinery and the like. Ultimately, the proliferation of 16x9 format HMI panels, where you never have to navigate away from the home screen, will tend to replace large banks of dedicated push buttons.
But there will always be a use for simple-to-use, remote on/off/jog/forward/reverse kinds. It's just that they are going to be intelligent, networked and, who knows, connected to the edge.
John Kowal, director, business development, B&R Industrial Automation.
Michael O’Neill, Werma-USA: Response time is usually a key when trying to signal for help during an urgent issue. For that reason a strategically located control station within reach of an operator is quicker and easier to access than an HMI screen. Oftentimes an operator needs to change the HMI screen to access the proper commands. Seconds count in getting the signal to the proper responders in urgent situations. Conventional lights and sounds can be complemented with SMS text messages for the necessary quick replies.
Michael O’Neill is president at Werma-USA.
Don King, Rockwell Automation: Machine designers and builders apply the operator-interface technology that is best suited to the application. In terms of machine integration, push-button devices are easy to install and wire. From a machine-operation perspective, push-button devices are readily accessible and straightforward for understanding their function and use. After decades of being employed in machine control, there is a broad range of push-button devices and accessories available, offering great flexibility to machine designers. Push-button devices are durable and reliable with long mechanical and electrical life. Finally, push-button devices are cost-effective in terms of purchase price, installation and maintenance.
Don King is product manager at Rockwell Automation.
Will Healy III, Balluff: Navigating a touchscreen can be overwhelming. But, by localizing the user button where the action is physically occurring, we can improve worker efficiency and possibly enhance the ergonomics of the working environment.
Will Healy III is marketing management director at Balluff.
Lee Clore, Onyx Industries: HMIs and hardwired operators do often overlap. An HMI may regulate access to a functional button by the screens it is on. It can be made available on all screens if it must always be accessible; however, that eats up valuable screen real estate. Hardwired operators are always accessible and will rarely wear out, a consideration to longevity on an HMI touch point.
Some machine functions are time sensitive, too. This includes jogging of motion-control devices where the propagation delay of an HMI is detrimental to real-time response. Modern HMIs with high-speed Ethernet communications to PLCs or PACs and motion controllers are very fast; however, they will inherently have delays compared to hardwired operators to I/O points. Another example is the use of an analog joystick to immediately modify speed of a VFD-controlled motor or a servo-driven axis of motion. The dynamic response of an analog joystick is considerably faster, more reliable and easier to use than an HMI touch object.
Lee Clore is owner/controls designer at Onyx Industries.
Sopan Khurana, Patlite: Operator buttons are used to manually control signal towers, allowing for quick on or off status changes. An HMI is limited in terms of visibility while a stack light’s bright LED modules with 360° of viewing angle set at an elevated position provides a much greater range of visibility for prompter response.
Sopan Khurana is applications engineer at Patlite.
Robb Weidemann, Banner Engineering: Operator buttons bring control and indication directly to the work area, eliminating wasted movement and increasing productivity. Illuminated buttons also convey information, adding value by further reducing the need to go to the HMI. High-quality buttons are also more physically robust than an HMI, so they can be installed in environments that would be harmful to an HMI.
Robb Weidemann is senior business development manager at Banner Engineering.
Thomas Putz, Auer Signal: HMIs are a good command input and process visual tool for highly complex control systems. However, operator push buttons such as selector switches, pilot lights, push buttons and e-stops, to list a few, continue to fill the need for an unlimited number of control-system applications. Operator push buttons are easier to install, operated by the user and less costly than an HMI.
Thomas Putz is sales manager at Auer Signal.
Zach Tinkler, Schneider Electric: In many cases, operators want the electromechanical button because they are wearing gloves and physically can’t actuate the input on a screen, or they need to be looking at the machine while actuating the button and need to have that tactile feel of the button as opposed to the HMI screen. Others might have frequent operations, so they will want something with a long mechanical life. And still others may prefer not to use the HMI screen for manual operation, but rather use the screen solely for diagnostics and analysis. Additionally, standards do not allow integrating the emergency stops into the HMI because they must be a separate, physical button.
Zach Tinkler is U.S. product manager, control and signaling at Schneider Electric.
Michael Day, Siemens: Is the push button obsolete in the age of low-cost, high functionality human-machine interfaces (HMIs)? For this answer, let’s first look at some history.
HMIs first came on the scene in the 1980s, with the real growth and innovation starting in the mid-1990s when lower-cost, more-reliable LCD and touchscreen technology became prevalent. Before this time, push buttons were the de facto standard for human-to-machine interaction. With a couple decades to look back on, what has happened to the pilot device market since the growth of HMIs?
Looking at the U.S NEMA reported market sizes for pilot devices and HMIs since 2001, you will find that both have grown in size. Today, both pilot devices and HMIs are similar in market size, while push buttons still maintain the advantage. Although HMI grew at a higher rate, the push-button market has also grown in size. It is fair to say the market says both technologies are needed.
Outside of some safety and industry standards, such as emergency stop and two-hand control, HMIs are viable and can do everything a pilot device can. What determines selection of one technology over another depends on different factors. Although some manufacturers build HMIs that have control capabilities built-in, the majority of HMIs today must communicate to a controller over a network to actually function. When the application doesn’t include a controller, then pilot devices are the ideal and sometimes only choice. Other factors are the number of functions needed. If you only have a few buttons and indicators, it’s sometimes difficult to justify a full HMI. Personal preference, know-how, simplicity, tactile feedback and muscle memory of repetitive functions are all examples of why customers select pilot devices over or in addition to HMIs.
Some people might be inclined to believe push buttons are not a product that can be innovative and high-tech, but nothing could be further from the truth.
Michael Day is industrial control products market development manager at Siemens.